Using evidence effectively can be challenging, though. The evidence you choose will usually depend on your subject and who your reader is your audience. When writing an illustration essay, keep in mind the following:. Use evidence that is appropriate to your topic as well as to your audience. Assess how much evidence you need to adequately explain your point depending on the complexity of the subject and the knowledge your audience has of the subject. For example, if you were writing about a new kind of communication software and your audience was a group of English major undergrads, you might want to use an analogy or a personal story to illustrate how the software worked.
You might also choose to add a few more pieces of evidence to make sure the audience understands your point. However, if you were writing about the same subject and your audience was information technology IT specialists, you would likely use more technical evidence because they would be familiar with the subject. Keeping in mind your subject in relation to your audience will increase your chances of effectively illustrating your point.
When in doubt, add an extra example to illustrate your idea. The controlling idea, or thesis, belongs at the beginning of the essay. You can start supporting your main point with your strongest evidence first, or you can start with evidence of lesser importance and have the essay build to increasingly stronger evidence.
Do not rely on just one. Variety in choice of words and phrasing is critical when trying to keep readers engaged in your writing and your ideas. In the workplace, it is often helpful to keep the phrases of illustration in mind and incorporate them whenever you can. Whether you are writing directives that colleagues will have to follow or requesting a new product or service from another company, making a conscious effort to incorporate a phrase of illustration will force you to provide examples of what you mean. First, choose a topic you are interested in.
Then create an interesting introduction to engage the reader. The main point, or thesis, should be stated at the end of the introduction. Gather evidence that is appropriate to both your subject and your audience. You can order the evidence in terms of importance, either from least important to most important or from most important to least important.
Be sure to fully explain all your examples using strong, clear supporting details.
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On a sheet of paper, form a rough thesis based on one of the following topics. Then support that thesis with three pieces of evidence.
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Make sure to use a different phrase of illustration to introduce each piece of evidence you choose. Discuss which topic you like the best or would like to learn more about.
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Indicate which thesis statement you perceive as the most effective. Writers use description in writing to make sure that their audience is fully immersed in the words on the page.
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This requires a concerted effort by the writer to describe his or her world through sensory details. Your descriptions should try to focus on the five senses because everyone relies on these senses to experience the world. The use of sensory details, then, provides you the greatest possibility of relating to your audience and thus engaging them in your writing, making descriptive writing important not only during your education but also during everyday situations.
Avoid empty descriptors if possible. Empty descriptors are adjectives that can mean different things to different people. The use of such words in descriptions can lead to misreads and confusion. Whether you are presenting a new product or service to a client, training new employees, or brainstorming ideas with colleagues, the use of clear, evocative detail is crucial. Make an effort to use details that express your thoughts in a way that will register with others. Sharp, concise details are always impressive. The structure of a descriptive essay is more flexible than some of the other rhetorical modes.
The introduction of a description essay should set up the tone and point of the essay. Depending on what the writer describes, the organization could move from top to bottom, left to right, near to far, warm to cold, frightening to inviting, and so on. Or you might choose to start with older remnants of the kitchen and progress to the new installations.
Maybe start with the floor and move up toward the ceiling. Choosing a subject is the first step in writing a description essay. Once you have chosen the person, place, or object you want to describe, your challenge is to write an effective thesis statement to guide your essay. The remainder of your essay describes your subject in a way that best expresses your thesis.
Remember, you should have a strong sense of how you will organize your essay. Choose a strategy and stick to it. Every part of your essay should use vivid sensory details. See Appendix : Readings: Examples of Essays to read a sample description essay. On a sheet of paper, choose an item below, then decide on an organizing strategy e.
C reate a rough outline of possible supporting points. Describe it, but preserve the mystery. We classify things in our daily lives all the time, often without thinking about it. Cell phones, for example, have now become part of a broad category. They can be classified as feature phones, media phones, and smartphones. Smaller categories, and the way in which these categories are created, help us make sense of the world.
Keep both of these elements in mind when writing a classification essay. Choose topics that you know well when writing classification essays. The more you know about a topic, the more you can break it into smaller, more interesting parts. Adding interest and insight will enhance your classification essays.
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The classification essay opens with an introductory paragraph that introduces the broader topic. The thesis should then explain how that topic is divided into subgroups and why. Take the following introductory paragraph, for example:. When people think of British Columbia, they often think of only Vancouver. However, British Columbia is actually a diverse province with a full range of activities to do, sights to see, and cultures to explore. The underlined thesis in this example explains not only the category and subcategories but also the rationale for breaking it into those categories.
In this classification essay, the writer hopes to show readers a different way of considering the province. Each body paragraph of a classification essay is dedicated to fully illustrating each of the subcategories. In the previous example, then, each of the seven regions of British Columbia would have its own paragraph. The conclusion should bring all the categories and subcategories together again to show the reader the big picture. In the previous example, the conclusion might explain how the various sights and activities of each region of British Columbia add to its diversity and complexity.
To avoid settling for an overly simplistic classification, make sure you break down any given topic at least three different ways. Choose one of the classifications and write a brief paragraph explaining why you chose to organize each main category in the way that you did. Start with an engaging opening that will adequately introduce the general topic that you will be dividing into smaller subcategories. Your thesis should come near the end of your introduction. It should include the topic, your subtopics, and the reason you are choosing to break down the topic in the way that you are.
Use the following classification thesis equation:. The organizing strategy of a classification essay is dictated by the initial topic and the subsequent subtopics.
Each body paragraph is dedicated to fully illustrating each of the subtopics. In a way, coming up with a strong topic pays double rewards in a classification essay. Not only do you have a good topic, but you also have a solid organizational structure within which to write. Be sure you use strong details and explanations for each subcategory paragraph that help explain and support your thesis. Also, be sure to give examples to illustrate your points.
Finally, write a conclusion that links all the subgroups together again. The conclusion should successfully wrap up your essay by connecting it to your topic initially discussed in the introduction. In either case, the formula for a process analysis essay is the same. The process is articulated into clear, definitive steps.
Almost everything we do involves following a step-by-step process. From riding a bike as children to learning various jobs as adults, we initially need instructions to effectively execute the task. Likewise, we have likely had to instruct others, so we know how important good directions are—and how frustrating it is when they are poorly put together.
The next time you have to explain a process to someone at work, be mindful of how clearly you articulate each step. Strong communication skills are critical for workplace satisfaction and advancement. Effective process analysis plays a critical role in developing that skill set.
The process analysis essay opens with a discussion of the process and a thesis statement that states the goal of the process.